Filters

Flat filters, membranes and thimbles are capturing elements used to separate solid particles or aerosol fractions from the gas stream. The capability of a filter or membrane to block and retain the particles is not only related to the mesh “sieve” effect but also to the combination of various physical principle effects contributing to obtain the maximum separation efficiency.

  • Brownian motion (Diffusion)

    The brownian motion (diffusion) refers to the random movement of a particle caused by the collision with gas molecules/atoms at molecur scale. During the free movement in the gas stream, the particle will hit the filter fiber. Smaller is the particle (<0,1 μm) and greater is its probability to hit a fiber of the filter element, and then get separated from the gas stream. The filters using the brownian movement give better separation efficiencies with particles having smaller diameters.
  • Inertia (Impact)

    Particles with diameters greater than 0,3 μm do not follow the gas streams through the filters fibers because of their higher inertia, but inertia is also the reason of their impact on the filter fibers. When getting close to the fiber, the flow direction change and is deviated but the inertia of the particle, will prevent it from following the flow and will proceed on straight line impacting on the fiber.
  • Direct interption

    Particles following the gas flow may still be collected on the fiber even without inertia effect. For instance, if a particle with 1 μm diameter follows the gas direction but gets close to the fiber at <0,5 μm, this particle will touch the fiber and be removed from the flow.
  • Electrostatic affinity

    Particles may be attracted from electrostatically charged fibers. This capture mechanism is independent from the size of the particle matter.
  • Sieve

    Particles with dimensions bigger than the interspaces between fibers are trapped within the mesh.
  • The elusive particle

    When a particle enters in contact with a fiber of the filter, it is captured and removed from the air flow. Filters are designed to have very short distances between the fibers of the mesh in order to have also Van der Waals forces attracting the particles. Once they are collected, it is very difficult to remove them efficiently. In the picture here below, it is possible to notice that exists a particular size to which no one of the previously decribed collection mechanisms (diffusion, impact etc) work well. This is defined as the most penetrating particle size (MPPS) and represents the best indicator for the filter performances. If the filter has a high MPPS performance value, then both smaller and bigger particles will be collected with even higher efficiency. This is reason why 0,3 μm is considered the reference size to test a filter.
Find out more

Glass Fiber

Those filters are made of high purity borosilicate fibers. Glass fibers filters became, during the last 20 years, the most diffused filtering elements for...

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Quartz fiber

Manufactured with high purity quartz, those filters are the best filtering media with high temperatures condition, because they can...

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Cellulose

After the introduction on the market of more reliable, pure and cheaper glass/quartz fibers filters, the cellulose filters use started to decrease, especially for...

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Polymeric Membrane PTFE

Thanks to its low resistance to air passage and minimal reactivity to chemical compounds, the PTFE is used for the realization of...

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Polymeric Membrane PCTE

Polycarbonate membranes are characterized by their omogeneous pore size distribution, obtained through the “track-etching” process, where the thin membrane is...

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Ceramic filters

Made of Aluminum Oxides, Titanium and Zirconium, ceramic filters are used in extreme conditions or when the particulate matter...

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Alumina Oxide membranes

Those membranes are made of anodized alumina and allow effcient separations with low pressure drops. Completely organic free...

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Silver Membranes

Silver membranes are made by metallic silver with 99.97% purity and are used in many applications thanks to their...

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Dado lab was estabilished in 2013 by a team of people with many years of knowledge, experience and know-how in monitoring and sampling equipment for both environmental and stack emission applications.

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Dadolab nasce nel 2013 da un team specializzato da anni nella costruzione di apparecchiature di monitoraggio e campionamento degli inquinanti in ambiente e in emissione.

Dado Lab Srl

Via C. Pavese 21,
20092 Cinisello B. (MI)
tel. +39 02 37904320 / 21
e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

R.E.A. MI n°2062810
Capitale Sociale € 50.000,00 I.V.
P.IVA 08356080963

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